In China’s new era, socioeconomic issues such as a rapidly aging society, an uneasy transition towards a knowledge-based economy, and a highly polluted environment are becoming more important than relentless economic growth and expansion. And foreign investment into China must adapt to respond to these new priorities. In this issue of China Briefing magazine, we analyze macro-level foreign investment trends into China, and how the high-tech sector stands out above others. We then shift our focus to China’s healthcare sector in the context of policy reforms and demographic changes. We also examine how to invest in China’s education industry and how China’s war on pollution introduces new opportunities for foreign investors.