According to the Minimum Wages Act of 1948, both the central and state governments have control over fixing the minimum wages of employment. Wage rates of employment differ across occupations, skills, sectors, and regions. Given the extent of difference between various kind of employable work, there is no set wage rate that can be set for each specific work across the country.

In 2021, the updated minimum wage amount across various categories of employment, such as unskilled, semi-skilled, skilled, and highly skilled workers effectively commenced on: 

  • July 1 onwards for West Bengal
  • April 1 onwards for Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, and Uttar Pradesh
  • October 1 onwards for Goa
  • June 1 onwards for Assam, Kerala
  • July 1 onwards for Haryana and Maharashtra
  • November 1 onwards Jammu and Kashmir
  • December 1 onwards for Manipur

Other states saw the most updated minimum wage commencing on: 

  • April 1, 2016 for Mizoram
  • July 1, 2017 for Sikkim
  • September 1, 2019 for Punjab
  • June 14, 2019 for Nagaland
  • October 1, 2020 for Meghalaya
  • July 1, 2020 for Rajasthan
  • April 1, 2020 for Chandigarh
  • January 1, 2020 for Puducherry

Non-compliance penalty

Non-compliance of the minimum wage rules by employers will result in payment of a fine of INR 10,000 (US$136) and their possible imprisonment for up to five years.

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