India is an attractive destination for foreign investors due to its large consumer-oriented market, low labor costs, and rising global competitiveness. Despite the recent dip in the growth rate, India features among the top 10 countries for global FDI. Further, with more sectors being liberalized and a focus on improving the ease of doing business environment, India offers a stable base of operations for investors seriously considering the Asian market. In this issue of India Briefing, we provide information on establishing a company in India. We first discuss the country’s current business environment and why India has emerged as a preferred investment destination for foreign companies. Next, we focus on the entity structures available to foreign companies in India and explain their functionalities and requirements. Lastly, we answer frequently asked questions.